GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Decorative Arts / Alexandre de Riquer - Posters -

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• On Alexandre de Riquer:  Biography   Works:  Posters   Decoration   Bookplates   Literature   Painting   Other pursuits
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• Posters of Alexandre de Riquer:  Overview  Competitions  Form and influences  List of posters  Images

Alexandre de Riquer: Poster of Anís del Mono
Anis del Mono




The poster began to have a special importance at the end of the nineteenth century as the medium of a new aesthetic. In this process, Riquer’s work, together with that of Ramon Casas and Adrià Gual, would play an essential role.
In 1897, Riquer presented a poster for the Saló del Pedal that reflected a refined symbolism of the greatest elegance, as much for the quality of his idea as for his realization of it. The poster grew in importance as an element of commercial advertising. All types of products – food, drinks, medicine, furniture, events, vehicles – came to be announced through this medium.
Riquer, Gual, and Casas frequently used as a central element the female figure accompanied by curved forms, characteristic of the Art Nouveau, along with depictions of natural elements, usually vegetal.
The motifs represented in these posters are further characterized by an image of vitality that exalts youth, life, and whatever is positive: the rising sun, happiness.

To select posters, advertisers quickly turned to the system of competitions, which allowed them to choose from among a wide variety of proposals from renowned artists. For example, in April 1898 there was a contest to design a poster for “Anís del Mono”, in which 162 proposals were submitted. Ramon Casas’ design was selected, and Alexandre de Riquer’s design won second place.
Riquer’s poster production was quite extensive, and his creations in this field were always well received. Reflection on what is now considered a veritable artwork allows us to enjoy the ethereal forms so characteristic of the Art Nouveau period.
His merits as a poster artist and designer were recognized in several European publications, including The Poster Collector (1899), Circular (1899), The Poster (1899), Les Maîtres de l’Affiche (1899), and The Studio (1900).

Form and influences:
According to Eliseu Trenc, Riquer’s best posters “are characterized by their symbolic decorations, by the Japanese technique of the elongated form, and by the arrangement of colors in background spaces, separated by thick lines penetrating within a subdued chromatic tonality, very harmonic.”
Seen from a wider European point of view, it has traditionally been considered that Riquer’s poster work was influenced by the Czech Alphonse Mucha, but Eliseu Trenc has posited more recently that the influences of Belgian poster artists Edmond Meunier and Privat-Livemont are much more apparent in Riquer’s work.



Alexandre de Riquer: Poster for Carpets "Antigua Casa Franch" Alexandre de Riquer: Poster for Carpets "Antigua Casa Franch"
Carpets Antigua Casa Franch, two variants
Alexandre de Riquer: Poster of the  3ª Exposició de Belles Arts i Industries Artístiques Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   Shoe polishers Ricart
3ª Exposition of Fine Arts and Artistic Industries Shoe polishers Ricart
Alexandre de Riquer: Posters  "Tablets Morelló" Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Fourth Exhibition of Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc" Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Juan Torra Sausages" Alexandre de Riquer: Posters   "Vic sausages"
Tablets Morelló Fourth exhibition of
Cercle de Sant Lluc
Sausages Juan Torra de Vic
Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Joventut" Catalanist Journal Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Mosaics Escofet, Tejera y Cia."
Joventut Catalanist Journal Mosaics Escofet, Tejera y Cia.
Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Ovo Lecithine Billon" Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters  "Anyoranses  Poesies per A. de Riquer" Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Photographer Napoleón" Alexandre de Riquer:  Posters   "Pedal Exhibition"
Ovo Lecithine Billon Anyoranses Fotographer Napoleón Pedal Exhibition
Posters List of works:
- Vidal i Cia, Taller i Magatzems 1888)
- 3ª Exposició Art i Industria (
- Fotographer Napoleón (1896)
- Eureka, Grau i Cia, Badalona (1897)
-Saló del Pedal (1897)
- Mosaics Hidràulics Orsolá, Solá i Cia (1898)
- Betums Ricart (1898)
- Champagne and wines Garcia Viver (1898)
- Codorniu (Casa Codorniu 1898) ?
- Anis del Mono (1898)
- Quarta exposició del Círcol de Sant Lluc (1898)
- Joan Torra, Vic, Fàbrica d’embotits (2) (1899)
- Pastillas Morelló (1899)
- Joventut, Periòdic catalanista (1900)
-Anyoranses (1902)
- Ovo Lecithine Billon - A. Riera i fills (1902)
- Carpets Antigua Casa Franch
- Escofet, Tejera i Cia
- Faura i Arañó
- Granja avícola de Sant Lluís
-Images with a * published under the authorization of Centre Artistic de Sant Lluc
-Translation to English by Catherine Phillips Crowe